Margaret's Rock -- Roger Williams' Shelter
Imagine having to flee your home and family in the middle of the night in the dead of winter; gathering what little food you could carry and
wearing whatever would keep you warmest in frigid temperatures and deep snow; uncertain of anything.
That is what Roger Williams, the founder of the state of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, endured in the very cold and snowy winter of
1636, to escape arrest and deportation back to England where he would be imprisoned and likely hung for his rebellious beliefs of religious freedom and the need for separation of church and state.
He was forced to flee his home in Salem in the Massachusetts Bay Colony and venture out into the frozen wilderness to evade the authorities. After
running out of food and falling ill, Roger was forced to take shelter in a hollow tree. Gravely ill, he was found by Wampanoag Indian hunters. The Chief sachem of the Wampanoag tribe, Massasoit welcomed Roger
Williams who spoke Algonquian, the Indian language and was considered a friend among them. Roger was taken to a rock shelter nearby that the Wampanoag tribe used to escape the harsh weather.
Today this little known landmark is called Margaret's Rock, named for the Wampanoag medicine woman who cared for Roger, bringing him back to
health. Margaret's Rock is an immense rock with a long overhanging portion and in 1636 a lean-to, made by the tribe of deer skins, limbs and intertwined evergreen branches was angled up against it enclosing it
to keep the formidable weather out. A fire within the shelter kept Roger warm and Margaret made sure he was fed and returned him to health.
Roger Williams lived this way convalescing for many weeks with the aid of the Wampanoag tribe and with the withdrawal of winter's wrath, he bid
farewell to his friends and Chief Massasoit and continued on his journey. Roger Williams headed west on the advice and counsel of Massasoit to begin
a new colony which would embrace the freedoms he believed belonged to all men.
In the spring of 1636, after purchasing the territory from the Indian Chiefs Canonicus and Miantonomi, Roger chose the name Providence as the heart
of the new colony to honor the care, control and guidance that God had granted him during his exile in the wilderness.
Twelve members of the Roger Williams Family Association (all descendants) along with spouses and friends, visited this out of the way landmark in N
Swansea, MA on Saturday, November 7th paying homage to this great man who risked all that he knew in order to live out his beliefs for the good of all.
The site is located on private property and is accessible through the RWFA every two years.
Saturday, November 7, 2015
Several members of the Roger Williams Family Association
make their biannual pilgrimage to Margaret's Rock
The RWFA wholeheartedly welcomes descendants of all ages to join the organization and honor the memory of Roger Williams by participating in
meetings and encouraging the evolvement of this organization.
Respectfully submitted by Susan Wordell Jacquet
RWFA Publicist, Descendant of Mary Williams